After cancer, one or both breasts may no longer look appealing, maybe they have even been removed. This can be a very serious blow to a woman’s self-confidence and femininity. Clothing does not fit the same, swimwear shows off the deformity of the chest, and intimate relationships become uncomfortable. Dr. Joshua Kreithen understands the difficulty in this situation and is proud to offer our patients breast reconstruction services.
Advances in surgical techniques allow the breast reconstruction process to yield natural, organic-looking breasts that feel soft and are proportionate to a woman’s body. There is also a high potential for a return of breast sensation. After the procedure, the woman can once again take up an active lifestyle and feel good about herself while doing so.
Before deciding on a breast reconstruction, the surgeons at Holcomb and Kreithen Plastic Surgery will have a one-on-one consultation with the prospective patient. Her medical history will be reviewed, a brief physical exam conducted, and her aesthetic goals discussed. The surgeon will show recent before/after photos of our recent breast reconstruction patients, allowing for a better visualization of potential results. During this visit, it will be decided if a reconstruction is the right procedure for her unique needs.
The Breast Reconstruction Procedure:
The procedure will be performed as an outpatient surgery. A one or two night hospital stay is normally necessary for breast reconstruction patients. The exact length of surgery will depend on the technique used in the surgery. There are a wide variety of reconstruction methods performed today, each designed to meet the specific needs presented by individual patients. These include:
Skin Expansion: This is the most common technique used today. Following a Mastectomy, the surgeon will insert a balloon expander beneath the skin and chest muscle. Through a very small valve, buried underneath the skin, a small amount of salt water will be periodically injected in the breast. Over time, anywhere from one week to six weeks, this will gradually expand the skin and tissue of the breast. Once the tissue has stretched the desired amount, the expander will be removed. Finally, another surgical procedure will be used to place a breast implant. The areola and nipple can also be recreated and surgically placed on the breast.
Flap Reconstruction: This method of breast reconstruction will utilize a skin flap, formed with skin from another area of the body, like the back or abdomen. The flap is extracted and place in position on the chest; then meticulously, the vessels are attached to those in the existing tissues. Another option will allow the flap to remain attached at its original site, retaining its own blood supply. It will be slowly tunneled to the breast area, beneath the skin. Once in place, a pocket is created for an implant – or a breast mound is created from the relocated tissue.
Recovery from a Breast Reconstruction:
The reconstruction process does result in scarring, both at the breast and on the donor skin area (if used). These are often overshadowed by the dramatically improved breast shape and contour. Patients are normally sore for several weeks following their surgery. This is to be expected. Surgical drains may be used to control the build up of fluids and blood; drains are removed over the first week or two. Sutures are removed after seven to ten days. Patients will generally feel well enough to return to work in about two weeks.
Breast Reconstruction is a delicate process. At Holcomb and Kreithen, we understand our patients have been through a lot, and are ready to get on with their lives. We offer the gold standard of breast reconstruction procedures available today; we are widely considered the top cosmetic and plastic surgeons in Florida. Contact our office to schedule your confidential consultation appointment at (866) 218-4810.
If you’re considering breast reconstruction…
Reconstruction of a breast that has been removed due to cancer or other disease is one of the most rewarding surgical procedures available today. New medical techniques and devices have made it possible for surgeons to create a breast that can come close in form and appearance to matching a natural breast. Frequently, reconstruction is possible immediately following breast removal (mastectomy), so the Sarasota breast reconstruction patient wakes up with a breast mound already in place, having been spared the experience of seeing herself with no breast at all.
But bear in mind, post-mastectomy breast reconstruction is not a simple procedure. There are often many options to consider as you and your doctor explores what’s best for you.
This information will give you a basic understanding of the procedure — when it’s appropriate, how it’s done, and what results you can expect. It can’t answer all of your questions, since a lot depends on your individual circumstances.
Most mastectomy patients are medically appropriate for reconstruction, many at the same time that the breast is removed. The best candidates, however, are women whose cancer, as far as can be determined, seems to have been eliminated by mastectomy.
Still, there are legitimate reasons to wait. Many women aren’t comfortable weighing all the options while they’re struggling to cope with a diagnosis of cancer. Others simply don’t want to have any more surgery than is absolutely necessary. Some patients may be advised by their surgeons to wait, particularly if the breast is being rebuilt in a more complicated procedure using flaps of skin and underlying tissue. Women with other health conditions, such as obesity, high blood pressure, or smoking, may also be advised to wait.
In any case, being informed of your reconstruction options before surgery can help you prepare for a mastectomy with a more positive outlook for the future.
All Surgery Carries Some Uncertainty and Risk
Virtually any woman who must lose her breast to cancer can have it rebuilt through reconstructive surgery. But there are risks associated with any surgery and specific complications associated with this procedure.
In general, the usual problems of surgery, such as bleeding, fluid collection, excessive scar tissue, or difficulties with anesthesia, can occur although they’re relatively uncommon. And, as with any surgery, smokers should be advised that nicotine can delay healing, resulting in conspicuous scars and prolonged recovery. Occasionally, these complications are severe enough to require a second operation.
If an implant is used, there is a remote possibility that an infection will develop, usually within the first two weeks following surgery. In some of these cases, the implant may need to be removed for several months until the infection clears. A new implant can later be inserted.
The most common problem, capsular contracture, occurs if the scar or capsule around the implant begins to tighten. This squeezing of the soft implant can cause the breast to feel hard. Capsular contracture can be treated in several ways, and sometimes requires either removal or “scoring” of the scar tissue, or perhaps removal or replacement of the implant.
Reconstruction has no known effect on the recurrence of disease in the breast, nor does it generally interfere with chemotherapy or radiation treatment, should cancer recur. Your surgeon may recommend continuation of periodic mammograms on both the reconstructed and the remaining normal breast. If your reconstruction involves an implant, be sure to go to a radiology center where technicians are experienced in the special techniques required to get a reliable x-ray of a breast reconstructed with an implant.
Women who postpone reconstruction may go through a period of emotional readjustment. Just as it took time to get used to the loss of a breast, a woman may feel anxious and confused as she begins to think of the reconstructed breast as her own.
Planning Your Surgery
You can begin talking about reconstruction as soon as you’re diagnosed with cancer. Ideally, you’ll want your general surgeon and Dr. Kreithen to work together to develop a strategy that will put you in the best possible condition for reconstruction.
After evaluating your health, Dr. Kreithen will explain which reconstructive options are most appropriate for your age, health, anatomy, tissues, and goals. Be sure to discuss your expectations. Dr. Kreithen will describe your options and the risks and limitations of each.
Post-mastectomy reconstruction can improve your appearance and renew your self-confidence — but keep in mind that the desired result is improvement, not perfection.
In most cases, health insurance policies will cover most or all of the cost of post-mastectomy reconstruction. Check your policy to make sure you’re covered and to see if there are any limitations on what types of reconstruction are covered.
Preparing for Your Surgery
Your oncologist and Dr. Kreithen will give you specific instructions on how to prepare for surgery, including guidelines on eating and drinking, smoking, and taking or avoiding certain vitamins and medications.
While making preparations, be sure to arrange for someone to drive you home after your surgery and to help you out for a few days, if needed.
Where Your Surgery Will be Performed
Breast reconstruction usually involves more than one operation. The first stage, whether done at the same time as the mastectomy or later on, is usually performed in the hospital. The procedures will most likely be performed at our new state-of-the-art Holcomb – Kreithen Plastic Surgery Medical Center operating room. Follow-up procedures may also be done in the hospital.
Types of Anesthesia
The first stage of reconstruction, creation of the breast mound, is almost always performed using general anesthesia, so you’ll sleep through the entire operation.
Follow-up procedures may require only a local anesthesia, combined with a sedative to make you drowsy. You’ll be awake but relaxed, and may feel some discomfort.
Types of Implants
If Dr. Kreithen recommends the use of an implant, you’ll want to discuss what type of implant should be used. A breast implant is a silicone shell filled with either silicone gel or a salt-water solution known as saline.
Because of concerns that there is insufficient information demonstrating the safety of silicone gel-filled breast implants, the Food & Drug Administration (FDA) has determined that new gel-filled implants should be available only to women participating in approved studies. This currently includes women who already have tissue expanders (see below under Skin Expansion), who choose immediate reconstruction after mastectomy, or who already have a gel-filled implant and need it replaced for medical reasons. Eventually, all patients with appropriate medical indications may have similar access to silicone gel-filled implants.
The alternative saline-filled implant, a silicone shell filled with salt water, continues to be available on an unrestricted basis, pending further FDA review.
As more information becomes available, these FDA guidelines may change. Be sure to discuss current options with your surgeon. (Above guidelines are current as of July 1992.)
While there are many options available in post-mastectomy reconstruction, you and your surgeon should discuss the one that’s best for you.
Skin expansion. The most common technique combines skin expansion and subsequent insertion of an implant.
Following mastectomy, Dr. Kreithen will insert a balloon expander beneath your skin and chest muscle. Through a tiny valve mechanism buried beneath the skin, he will periodically inject a salt-water solution to gradually fill the expander over several weeks or months.
After the skin over the breast area has stretched enough, the expander may be removed in a second operation and a more permanent implant will be inserted. Some expanders are designed to be left in place as the final implant. The nipple and the dark skin surrounding it, called the areola, are reconstructed in a subsequent procedure.
Some patients do not require preliminary tissue expansion before receiving an implant. For these women, the surgeon will proceed with inserting an implant as the first step.
Flap reconstruction. An alternative approach to implant reconstruction involves creation of a skin flap using tissue taken from other parts of the body, such as the back or abdomen.
In one type of flap surgery, the tissue remains attached to its original site, retaining its blood supply. The flap, consisting of the skin, fat, and muscle with its blood supply, are tunneled beneath the skin to the chest, creating a pocket for an implant or, in some cases, creating the breast mound itself, without need for an implant.
Another flap technique uses tissue that is surgically removed from the abdomen, thighs, or buttocks and then transplanted to the chest by reconnecting the blood vessels to new ones in that region. This procedure requires the skills of a plastic surgeon and a team who are experienced in microvascular surgery, usually at a university hospital.
Regardless of whether the tissue is tunneled beneath the skin on a pedicle or transplanted to the chest as a microvascular flap, this type of surgery is more complex than skin expansion. Scars will be left at both the tissue donor site and at the reconstructed breast, and recovery will take longer than with an implant. On the other hand, when the breast is reconstructed entirely with your own tissue, the results are generally more natural and there are no concerns about a silicone implant. In some cases, you may have the added benefit of an improved abdominal contour.
Follow-up procedures. Most breast reconstruction involves a series of procedures that occur over time. Usually, the initial reconstructive operation is the most complex. Follow-up surgery may be required to replace a tissue expander with an implant or to reconstruct the nipple and the areola. Many surgeons recommend an additional operation to enlarge, reduce, or lift the natural breast to match the reconstructed breast. But keep in mind, this procedure may leave scars on an otherwise normal breast and may not be covered by insurance.
After Your Surgery
You are likely to feel tired and sore for a week or two after reconstruction. Most of your discomfort can be controlled by medication.
Depending on the extent of your surgery, you’ll probably be released from the hospital in two to five days. Many reconstruction options require a surgical drain to remove excess fluids from surgical sites immediately following the operation, but these are removed within the first week or two after surgery. Most stitches are removed in a week to 10 days.
Getting Back to Normal
It may take you up to six weeks to recover from a combined mastectomy and reconstruction or from a flap reconstruction alone. If implants are used without flaps and reconstruction is done apart from the mastectomy, your recovery time may be less.
Reconstruction cannot restore normal sensation to your breast, but in time, some feeling may return. Most scars will fade substantially over time, though it may take as long as one to two years, but they’ll never disappear entirely. The better the quality of your overall reconstruction, the less distracting you’ll find those scars.
Follow Dr. Kreithen’s advice on when to begin stretching exercises and normal activities. As a general rule, you’ll want to refrain from any overhead lifting, strenuous sports, and sexual activity for three to six weeks following reconstruction.
Your New Look
Chances are your reconstructed breast may feel firmer and look rounder or flatter than your natural breast. It may not have the same contour as your breast before mastectomy, nor will it exactly match your opposite breast. But these differences will be apparent only to you. For most mastectomy patients, breast reconstruction dramatically improves their appearance and self esteem.
As one of the most talented cosmetic surgeons Sarasota is home to, Dr. Joshua Kreithen specializes in many advanced breast procedures. In fact, his dedication and attentive patient care have helped Dr. Kreithen become renowned as a leading Sarasota / Bradenton breast augmentation and breast lift surgeon. In addition, he has helped many Sarasota breast reduction and male breast reduction patients enhance their body contours.